Art programme raises awareness on AO/dioxin disaster in Vietnam

At the event (Photo: VNA)An art programme on AO/dioxin disaster and efforts to address its consequences took place in Hanoi on August 10 on the occasion of the 61st anniversary of the disaster in Vietnam.It featured art performances, reportages, and exchanges with domestic and international individuals who have made contributions to the remediation of the hazardous chemical and support for AO victims The event aimed to raise public awareness on the matters and honour victims who have made great efforts to overcome harsh circumstances as well as individuals and organisations in Vietnam and abroad with significant contributions to the alleviation of the disaster consequences.President of the Vietnam Association of Victims of Agent Orange (AO)/dioxin (VAVA) Nguyen Van Rinh said the Party and State have paid attention to difficulties facing the victims and issued many policies to assist them.Every year, dozens of trillion VND is spent on helping revolutionary contributors, resistance fighters infected with toxic chemicals, and their children and grandchildren suffering from AO consequences, he noted.Concerted efforts from the society in aid of the victims are needed, Rinh said, calling on the US Government and people as well as international organisations to further support Vietnam in its efforts toward related chemical remediation and pain relief.According to VAVA , the US army sprayed 80 million litres of toxic chemicals on the south of Vietnam between 1961 and 1971, with 61% being AO containing 366kg of dioxin, on over nearly 3.06 million hectares (equivalent to nearly one quarter of the south’s total area).Preliminary statistics showed that 4.8 million Vietnamese people were exposed to AO/dioxin, and about 3 million people became victims. Tens of thousands of people have died while millions of others have suffered from cancer and other incurable diseases as a result. Many of their offsprings also suffer from birth deformities./.

August 11, 2022 10:08 UTC


☀️ Morning digest August 11

Read full story - Vietnamese and Lao authorities and businesses exchanged information about investment policies in Hanoi and Vientiane, and sought cooperation opportunities at an investment, trade and tourism conference on August 10.The Hanoi event saw the participation of Dinh Tien Dung, Politburo member and Secretary of the Hanoi Party Committee, and Anouphap Tounalom, Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP) Central Committee, and Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of the People’s Council of Vientiane. Read full story - Minister of Natural Resources and Environment Tran Hong Ha presented the "For the Cause of Natural Resources and Environment" insignia to Ambassador of Norway Grete Lochen in Hanoi on August 10 in recognition of her contributions to Vietnam’s natural resources and environment sector.The Norwegian Embassy in Vietnam has been a regular partner of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MoNRE) and the ambassador has always supported Vietnam in the fields of natural resources, environment and climate change, especially in attracting Norwegian investment in Vietnam, Ha said. Read full story - UNESCO and The Coca Cola Foundation launched a project themed “Youth Initiative Ideas for an Ocean without Plastic 2022” at a ceremony in Hanoi on August 10 in response to World Youth Day (August 12).The project is being implemented within the framework of the “Youth and Innovation for Ocean” project launched in 2020. Lasting from August this year to July 2023, it aims to support and empower young people as key change makers for the sustainable future of the seas. Read full story

August 11, 2022 07:47 UTC


Vietnam to increase coal imports in 2025-2035 period: Ministry

Illustrative image (Source: VNA)Vietnam’s coal imports are forecast to rise to meet domestic production demand, according to a draft strategy for developing the coal industry in Vietnam recently introduced by the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MoIT).Accordingly, Vietnam will import about 50-83 million tonnes of coal per year during the period from 2025 to 2035, with the volume gradually falling to about 32-35 million tonnes by 2045.The data from the MoIT shows domestic coal consumption increased rapidly from 27.8 million tonnes in 2011 to 38.77 million tonnes in 2015, and about 53.52 million tonnes in 2021.The volume of coal consumed at present has more than doubled compared to 2011, mainly for electricity production.The demand for primary energy, including coal, will continue to increase, possibly peaking in the 2030-2035 period, the ministry said.Vietnam's coal demand will be around 94-97 million tonnes in 2025, and peak at 125-127 million tonnes in 2030, mainly due to the increase in demand for power generation, and the cement, metallurgy and chemical industries.The ministry also predicted that the demand for energy after 2040 will decline due to the energy transition process to meet emission reduction targets.Coal used for non-energy purposes such as producing nitrogenous fertilisers and chemicals will be encouraged to develop to ensure the sustainable development of the domestic coal industry, it noted.In the draft strategy¸ the ministry said by 2030, about 85-90% or 39-42 million tonnes of commercial coal, will be prioritised for power production to ensure national energy security./.

August 10, 2022 23:21 UTC


E-book “Vietnam in the Ho Chi Minh Era - A Television History” debuts

E-book “Vietnam in the Ho Chi Minh Era - A Television History” debuts (Photo: nhandan.vn)Editor-in-Chief of Nhan Dan Newspaper Le Quoc Minh speaks at the event. (Photo: nhandan.vn)– A 90-volume e-book titled “Vietnam in the Ho Chi Minh Era - A Television History” was released by the Nhan Dan Newspaper, the Party Central Committee (PCC)'s Commission for Information and Education, and the Su That (Truth) National Political Publishing House at a ceremony in Hanoi on August 10.The book series is compiled on the basis of a documentary film of the same name which was aired in 2021. It was developed by the Vietnam National Documentary Film Studio in coordination with the PCC's Commission for Information and Education, and the Su That National Political Publishing House.The e-book features more than 1,000 video clips on historical events via images and sound, allowing audiences to easily access on various electronic devices with different technical infrastructure.In his speech at the event, Editor-in-Chief of Nhan Dan Newspaper Le Quoc Minh said the documentary series reflects systematically the development process of the Vietnamese revolution, which ushered in the Ho Chi Minh era - the most brilliant era in the nation's history.The publication of the book aims to widely popularise the film, contributing to educating people about the history and revolutionary tradition of the country, especially in schools and all-level education establishments, he said.Thuan Huu, former head of the steering committee for the “Vietnam in the Ho Chi Minh Era - A Television History” documentary film project, expressed the hope that the book will be valuable for practical use, especially in teaching and learning history.According to Pham Minh Tuan, Director of the Su That National Political Publishing House, with a coherent structure, rich information, and vivid and attractive images and clips, the book can be used as useful reference and learning material, and as a valuable visual aid for teaching and studying in schools.The book is available at http://bienniensuvietnam.vn./.

August 10, 2022 20:54 UTC


Ministry plans to add “place of birth” to new passport version

The new passport version of Vietnam (Photo: Vietnam Government Portal)– The Ministry of Public Security (MPS) is planning to add the “place of birth” to the new passport version to facilitate citizens’ seeking of visas to the Schengen countries.The granting and use of the new passport will be among the issues about which Minister of Public Security Gen. To Lam will be questioned at the 14th session of the National Assembly Standing Committee on August 10.Compared to the old passport, the new version is produced by using modern technology to meet higher security requirements and standards of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), according to the MPS’s report sent to lawmakers prior to the meeting.Images of Vietnam’s typical landscapes and cultural heritages are featured in the new passport with the aim of introducing the country’s land and people to international friends, it noted.So far, the MPS has granted 272,000 passports of the new version.In the report, Lam said according to the ICAO regulations, compulsory information in a passport consists of the type of passport, full name, passport number, date of birth, sex, and passport expiration date. ICAO also gave detailed regulations on the design and layout of information on the page of personal details to ensure consistency among countries in the world.The new passport version has closely followed the above-mentioned rules and completely met international standards, the minister affirmed.Explaining why the new passport doesn’t contain information about the place of birth, he said ICAO did not designate other information like the place of birth as mandatory. According to the Law on Exit and Entry of Vietnamese Citizens, information in passports also doesn’t include the place of birth On that basis, the MPS issued the new passport version without the place of birth to facilitate citizens’ entry, he went on.Regarding some European countries’ refusal to grant visas on the new passports, Vietnamese authorities have worked with those countries and found that this is only a technical issue.Since a passport without information about the place of birth may cause difficulties for management in some countries, to create favourable conditions for Vietnamese citizens to seek visas to the 26 Schengen countries , the MPS and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs have agreed to add the place of birth in the appendix of the new passport if its holders wish.In the long term, the MPS will revise the passport design and add the “place of birth” in the page of personal details, it noted, adding that it is collecting opinions about this issue from the parliament’s committees for defence - security and legal affairs, the Government Office, the Ministry of Justice, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs./.

August 09, 2022 09:30 UTC


Vietnam needs skilled workforce to become upper-middle-income economy by 2035: WB

Illustrative image (Photo: VNA)At the ceremony to release the report. (Photo: VNA)- Vietnam will need a skilled workforce to transform itself into an upper-middle-income economy by 2035, the World Bank has suggested in its recently-released report named “Taking Stock: Educate to Grow”.In its bi-annual report, the lender said: “Vietnam needs a workforce with 21st century skills to grow. As the economy moves from being driven by low skill and low wage jobs in manufacturing and services towards a more innovation driven growth model built on higher value-added industries and services, Vietnam’s workforce will need to attain higher level and more relevant skills.”The Vietnamese Government’s Socio-economic Development Strategy for 2021-2030 says as much, aiming to use scientific, technological, innovative, and digitally transformative knowledge and build quality human resources as key drivers of higher productivity and future economic growth. To achieve these goals, Vietnam needs to reform its education system to improve quality and access, and thus provide the necessary skills to the population, it affirmed.This edition also underlines transforming the higher education system as the key to boosting the country’s productivity and achieving its development goals, in the context where the country re-emerges from the pandemic and into a challenging global environment.The report’s co-author Dorsati Madani said that while Vietnam’s economic recovery had been relatively stable, not all sectors witnessed the same situation.The impact on workers and households during the crisis was serious and lasting, with about 45% claiming lower incomes in December 2021 than the previous year.The impact of the pandemic is still present with businesses reporting broad-based labour shortages as of March 2022, which were felt more acutely in services and manufacturing, and in the Ho Chi Minh City area.This, in addition to growth slowdown or stagflation in main export markets, further commodity price shocks, continued disruption of global supply chains, or the emergence of new COVID-19 variants, are hindering Vietnam’s full recovery.Statistics revealed that Vietnam ’s population has an average 10.2 years of schooling, second only to Singapore among the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries.Vietnam’s human capital index is 0.69 out of a maximum of 1, the highest among the lower middle-income economies.However, low skills relevance of the university graduates put the country in the bottom third of the 140 countries listed in the 2018 Competitiveness Index on skills relevance of university graduates.A WB skills and enterprise survey published in 2019 also said that 73% of sampled Vietnamese firms report difficulties in recruiting employees with leadership and managerial skills, 54% with socio-emotional skills, and 68% with job-specific technical skills.Focusing on tertiary and higher education, the WB’s report recommends reforming the education system to improve quality and access, and thus provide the necessary skills to the population.Reforms to Vietnam’s higher education system could help support development objectives, the report says.The increasing financial costs of pursuing higher education and the perception of diminishing economic returns from pursuing higher education have weakened demand.While efforts to enhance the business environment are crucial to enabling job creation, policymakers should also take steps to reduce skill-mismatches and improve the quality of Vietnam’s labour force.Carolyn Turk, WB Country Director for Vietnam, said: “To sustain economic growth at the desired rate, Vietnam needs to increase productivity by 2-3% every year.“International experiences have shown that higher worker productivity can be achieved by investing in the education system, as an important part of a basket of investments and reforms. A competitive workforce will generate much-needed efficiency for Vietnam in the long term.”In its report, the World Bank forecast Vietnam’s GDP growth to expand 7.5% in 2022 and 6.7% in 2023, with resilient manufacturing and a robust rebound in services serving as the driving forces for economic recovery./.

August 09, 2022 05:23 UTC


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