DALYs and ASMRs attributed to nutritional risk for CRC increased in MENA regions from 1990 to 2019. However, the risk of a diet low in fiber, milk, and whole grains was much higher than that of a diet rich in red meat and low in calcium. One study showed that a diet low in milk, calcium, and whole grains was responsible for 81.64% of DALYs and 81.61% of deaths for CRC6. A study comparing disease risk factors using GBD data showed that diet-related risk factors increased the global burden more than smoking or alcohol14. Dietary factors increase the risk of CRC through two possible mechanisms, including increasing weight and causing inflammation.
Source: The North Africa Journal November 20, 2023 11:08 UTC