But elephants were used by the Romans, although sporadically and on many occasions poorly with deadly results for their own side. In the western Mediterranean basin, the Greek King Pyrrhus of Epirus used elephants in his fight against the Romans in Sicily between 280 and 275 B.C. ), the Spartan mercenary general Xanthippus had around 100 perfectly trained war elephants at his disposal for the Sicily campaign against Rome. The Romans, for their part, used pachyderms for the first time in the Second Macedonian War (200-197 B.C). For his part, Caesar used elephants in his campaign in Hispania in 48 B.C.
Source: The North Africa Journal October 02, 2023 11:12 UTC