It is now on course to post an annual profit next financial year after Pakistan placed an anti-dumping duty on Chinese tiles in October. Pakistan’s move to place tariffs on imported steel boosted local production by 23% to 3.6 million tonnes last year, the biggest increase among 40 countries, according to World Steel Association data, and local steel firms are expanding. “China has been dumpers,” said Towfiq Chinoy, an adviser at Karachi-based International Steels Ltd who believes the anti-dumping tax is “significant” for the local industry. Some analysts see US pressure driving Pakistan toward China as its relations with neighbouring India and Afghanistan show little sign of improvement. Still Pakistan is running an increasing trade deficit with China, which was the South Asian nation’s biggest contributor.