The SCTIMST brought out the second generation Chitra valve in 2016. The low-cost, fully indigenous mechanical valve has been a life-saver for millions of poor in India who suffer heart valve damage at a young age due to rheumatic heart disease, like him. “I still remember the day Dr. Valiathan explained the surgery I had to undergo and how the mechanical valve will replace my diseased aortic valve and how it would work. I did not have even a moment’s doubt or fear because he told me that he will take care of everything,” Mr. Muralidharan says. The TTK-Chitra heart valve story has not just been the one of determination and perseverance but the fact that an indigenous technology developed in this part of the world could stand the test of time.