more-inWhat happened in Madurai in ancient times had farreaching consequences for Tamil Nadu. The great political churnings took place there,” said historian of the Dravida Movement K. Thirunavukkarasu. The temple entry struggle led by Congress leader Vaidhyanatha Iyer not only witnessed the Dalits and Nadars entering the Meenakshi temple, but also resulted in the promulgation of The Madras Temple Entry Ordinance 1 of 1939 on July 17, 1939. Mr Kannan said Madurai exhibited a higher degree of political consciousness than the rest of the State, be it the 1965 anti-Hindi protests or the politics surrounding the Dravidian parties. “It is the only river referred to as Tamil Vaigai in Sangam literature.