From 2009 until 2016, his team meticulously worked at Ain Boucherit, uncovering a trove of stone tools and butchered animal remains. "The evidence from Algeria has changed [our] earlier view regarding East Africa [as] being the cradle of humankind. "These dates would also make the Oldowan in North Africa only slightly younger than it is in East Africa." "The evidence from Algeria has changed [our] earlier view regarding East Africa [as] being the cradle of humankind. Scerri said this paper highlights the importance of North Africa, and also the Sahara, for archaeologists seeking to learn more about human origins.
November 30, 2018 06:33 UTC
AFRICA 6-10-Largest-economiesGhana has moved up one place, up from eight to the seventh position, in the league of countries that attracts foreign direct investment (FDI) in Africa. 2018 EY Africa Attractiveness Report also ranked Ghana second in West Africa for FDI attractiveness. Ghana in 2016 got 28 projects out of the 676 FDI projects that came to Africa putting it in the seventh position in Africa and third in West Africa. In 2017, FDI projects in Ghana increased by 15 more projects to 43, displacing Ivory Coast at the second position in West Africa. In tandem with improved economic performance, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) projects into Africa rebounded from their lowest level in a decade.
November 30, 2018 06:22 UTC
This discovery indicates ancient humans (hominins) occupied this region more than half a million years earlier than previously thought. The research, published in Science, describes the discovery of two archaeological levels at the Ain Boucherit site, in Algeria, Northern Africa. They have been dated to approximately 1.9 million and 2.4 million years old, which makes them the oldest archaeological evidence ever found in the Southern Margin of the Mediterranean sea. “We had to use a combination of different methods to date Ain Boucherit, namely stratigraphy, palaeomagnetism, electron spin resonance and biochronology,” Dr Duval said. So far, East Africa has provided the earliest known evidence for Oldowan stone artefacts dated to ~2.6 million years ago (Ma).
November 30, 2018 04:18 UTC
Archaeologists in Algeria have discovered stone tools and cut animal bones that may be up to 2.4 million years old, bringing into question East Africa's title as the cradle of humanity, according to research published Thursday in the journal Science. The tools closely resemble those called Oldowan, found until now mainly in East Africa. The tools were unearthed near dozens of fossilised animal bones which contained cut marks, as if relics of prehistoric butchers. The bones came from animals including the ancestors of crocodiles, elephants and hippopotamuses. "The new findings make Ain Boucherit the oldest site in northern Africa with in situ evidence of hominin meat use with associated stone tools and they suggest that other similarly early sites could be found outside of the Eastern Africa Rift."
November 30, 2018 03:45 UTC
New archaeological evidence published today online by the journal Science (as a First Release) indicates their presence in North Africa at least 2.4 million years ago. In 2006 and 2009, new artefacts were found at Ain Boucherit, a few hundred metres from the other sites. The new archaeological findsExcavations of the lower (known as AB-Lw) and upper (AB-Up) archaeological levels yielded more than 250 stone tools and almost 600 fossil remains. Since no hominin fossils were found at Ain Boucherit, we can only speculate about the possible makers of these Oldowan stone tools. Read more: Giant handaxes suggest that different groups of early humans coexisted in ancient EuropeConsequently, the best candidates are most likely to be found in East Africa, despite their geographical distance from North Africa.
November 30, 2018 01:18 UTC
If current demographic trends persist, by the year 2050, the Middle East and Northern Africa region will need to create north of 300 million jobs. Even more challenging, there is an imperative to create immediately more than 10 million jobs a year to keep up with the region's demographic bulge. That reform should start in preprimary education, where only 30 percent of children in the Middle East and North Africa are currently enrolled, despite clear evidence that the early years are when the ability to quickly learn new skills is established. This will require more flexible social security systems that are no longer tied to particular jobs. So will the Middle East and North Africa region deliver the 300 million new jobs needed by 2050 to enable its large youth population to drive the economy into the future, and thrive?
November 29, 2018 22:07 UTC
“The evidence from Algeria has changed [our] earlier view regarding East Africa [as] being the cradle of humankind. This tech irrevocably altered hominin evolutionary history, setting the stage for even more sophisticated stone tools, such as the ensuing Acheulean culture. Remarkably, the stone tools found at Ain Boucherit were strikingly similar to the Oldowan tools of East Africa. “The evidence from Algeria has changed [our] earlier view regarding East Africa [as] being the cradle of humankind. Scerri said this paper highlights the importance of North Africa, and also the Sahara, for archaeologists seeking to learn more about human origins.
November 29, 2018 21:55 UTC
These artifacts are typical of the Oldowan stone technology known from 2.6-1.9 million-year-old sites in East Africa, although those from Ain Boucherit show subtle variations. The evidence from Algeria changes the earlier view that East Africa was the cradle of Humankind. The tool-makersAt this moment, the most important question is who made the stone tools discovered in Algeria. As a matter of fact, nor have any hominins yet been documented in direct association with the first stone tools known from East Africa. "Future research will focus on searching for human fossils in the nearby Miocene and Plio-Pleistocene deposits, looking for the tool-makers and even older stone tools," concludes Sahnouni.
November 29, 2018 21:45 UTC
Thursday, November 29, 2018BURGOS, SPAIN—Science News reports that stone tools unearthed in Algeria amid butchered animal bones suggest the evolution of human ancestors was not limited to East Africa. Mohamed Sahnouni of Spain’s National Research Center for Human Evolution and his colleagues say meat-chopping tools found in North Africa were made about 2.4 million years ago, or about 200,000 years more recently than the oldest known tools in East Africa. The scientists think the tools could have been crafted by descendants of East African toolmakers who migrated into North Africa, or they may have been created independently. The animal bones came from savanna-dwellers such as elephants, horses, rhinoceroses, antelopes, and crocodiles that may have been hunted or scavenged from carnovores’ fresh kill sites, Sahnouni said. No hominin remains were found with the tools, so the researchers are not sure who made them.
November 29, 2018 21:11 UTC
Strongest evidence of early humans butchering animals discovered in North AfricaOn a high grassy plateau in Algeria, just 100 kilometers from the Mediterranean Sea, early human ancestors butchered extinct horses, antelopes, and other animals with primitive stone tools 2 million to 2.4 million years ago. For decades, east Africa has been considered the birthplace of our genus Homo, and the epicenter of early toolmaking for almost 1 million years. Claims of even older tools and animal bones with cutmarks stretch back 3.4 million years in east Africa, but those claims are controversial. Made of limestone and flint, the sharp-edged flakes and round cores—some the size of tennis balls—resemble those found in east Africa. Although other sites of this age in east Africa have stone tools, the evidence for actual butchery of animals is not as strong, he says.
November 29, 2018 19:52 UTC
East Africa is famously the birthplace of humankind and the location where our ancient hominin ancestors first invented sophisticated stone tools. This suggests that human ancestors spread to the region much earlier than previously thought or that the stone tool technology was simultaneously invented by earlier hominin species living outside east Africa. However, it is not known for sure which hominin species first created Oldowan tools – potentially Australopithecus or Homo habilis. The stone tools are very similar to those of early Oldowan sites in East Africa. But we have only ever found early Oldowan tools in the east African rift valley before, more than 4,000km away.
November 29, 2018 19:18 UTC
Ancient stone tools and cut-marked animal bones discovered in Algeria suggest that modern humans' ancestors called northern Africa home much earlier than archaeologists once thought, a new study reports. The data indicates a rapid dispersal of stone tools out of East Africa and into other regions of the continent - or, alternatively, a multiple origin scenario of early hominin stone tool manufacture and use in both East and North Africa. East Africa is widely considered to be the birthplace of stone tool use by our ancient hominin ancestors - the earliest examples of which date as far back as about 2.6 million years ago. Similar examples of stone tool manufacture and use have been identified in North Africa, dating to nearly 1.8 million years old and generally considered to be the oldest archaeological materials in all the region. The assemblages contained stone tool manufacturing lithic debris similar to that recovered from the earliest sites in East Africa.
November 29, 2018 18:56 UTC
Ancient stone-tool makers spread into largely unstudied parts of North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula surprisingly early, two new studies find. Hominids used simple cutting and chopping implements to remove meat from animal carcasses in North Africa around 2.4 million years ago, archaeologist Mohamed Sahnouni and colleagues report online November 29 in Science. That’s roughly 200,000 years after the first known appearance of such tools in East Africa. Early members of the human genus, Homo, either continued to make these tools after moving from East Africa or independently created similar tools in East and North Africa, the scientists conclude. Incisions typical of butchery appeared on 17 bones from the lower sediment layer and two bones from the upper layer.
November 29, 2018 18:56 UTC
Not content with its decision to close its land borders with Morocco since 1994, Algeria has just announced it deployed a barbed wire wall of nearly 6,000 km along its borders, equipped with surveillance cameras and tens of control towers. Moroccan Al Massae daily, which reported the news Thursday, commented that Algeria has sealed its borders with Morocco, a few years after the Kingdom installed a sophisticated security device along its eastern border. Officially, they claim they want to secure the borders to “fight different forms of trans-border crimes”, the daily added. According to the Algerian sources quoted by the daily, this package of security measures does not concern borders with Morocco only, but also borders with other neighboring countries. Besides Morocco, Algeria has borders with Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya and Tunisia.
November 29, 2018 17:03 UTC
Ahmed Abba was named the 2017 International Press Freedom Award recipient but he couldn’t take his award because he was in prison. Radio France International’s Hausa service journalist was sentenced to 10 years in prison by a Cameroon military tribunal for “non-denunciation of terrorism” and “laundering of the proceeds of terrorist acts”. He, however, escaped the controversial death penalty adopted by Cameroon in its December 2014 anti-terrorism law reserved for perpetrators or accomplices of terrorist acts. After failed appeals, Abba was released on December 22, 2017, from the Yaoundé prison after nearly 29 months. A year after he was awarded the International Press Freedom Award by the Committee to Protect Journalists, Ahmed Abba was presented with the award on November 20, 2018, at their annual convention in New York.
November 29, 2018 16:52 UTC